Bishop William Franklin Visits General Seminary


The Rt. Rev. R. William Franklin, Bishop of the Diocese of Western New York, preached in the Chapel of the Good Shepherd at The General Theological Seminary on Ascension Day, May 5, 2016, at the Community Eucharist. Franklin is a former Professor of History and Modern Anglican Studies at General Seminary and former Dean of Berkeley Divinity School at Yale. Franklin was elected Bishop on November 20, 2010 at St. Paul’s Cathedral in Buffalo and was consecrated on April 30, 2011. He holds a B.A. from Northwestern University and a Ph.D. in Church History from Harvard.

He served as Associate Priest at St. Paul’s Within the Walls in Rome and also as Associate Director of the American Academy in Rome, as a Fellow and Associate Priest of the Anglican Centre in Rome, and as Vicar of the Church of the Resurrection in Orvieto, Italy.

Franklin publishes a Bishop's blog entitled "Jerusalem Crossing." Click here to see his writings.

The text from Franklin's sermon can be found below.


In the name of our God of second acts, second chances and second comings: Amen.

Good morning, on this festival day.

This is a second act, a second chance for me. I preached often from this pulpit from 1993 to1997, when I was a layman and a professor here, but this is my first time in this pulpit since I became a bishop five years ago last Saturday.

Sometimes those five years have flown by so quickly, they have felt like five minutes. Other times, those five years have felt like 55. If you aspire to the episcopate: You have been warned.

As I was preparing to be with you today, I said to my wife, Carmela, “Would you ever have thought in your wildest dreams that I would be preaching from the pulpit at General as a bishop?”

And Carmela shot back: “What makes you think you have ever been in my wildest dreams?”


Allow me to step back and be Professor Franklin the church historian for just a moment. The Feast of the Ascension was not widely celebrated in the church until around the fourth century, and it wasn’t until around the sixth that we began to see depictions of it in Christian art. There are two images that I particularly like.

One shows the hands of God around Jesus’s head, indicating that the Father was welcoming the Son into heaven.

The other is the “disappearing feet” image. You can still see this today half a block away from us,   on Tenth Avenue, right next to the Highline, above the door of Guardian Angels Chapel The crowds witnessing the Ascension look up to see Jesus’s feet disappearing at the top of the frame. It’s a simple but effective -- and actually quite sophisticated -- way of indicating that Jesus is literally out of the picture.

He is no longer here, bodily, on earth, limited to one place or one time. Now we recognize him as king of kings and lord of lords, seated in glory at the right hand of the Father, and accessible everywhere, all the time, to everyone.

Our scriptures do not place Mary the mother of Jesus among the followers watching the Ascension, but images of the Ascension traditionally do. Mary was, literally, there at the conception; she witnessed her son’s passion and death; and now she shares the joy and glory of his ascension. It is a second chance for her as she moves from grief to joy, from pain to pride, from the promise at the Annunciation that she would give birth to the Son of God to the undeniable evidence that this is so. Here is faith that survives the worst that the world can do.


The Easter story -- from resurrection to ascension to Pentecost -- is a story of second chances and do-overs, of forgiveness and reconciliation, of Why not?” rather than Why?”

The two major figures of this period -- Peter and Paul -- are people in whom God saw not failure but promise, people whom God would not throw away even though they had sinned mightily.

God transformed Saul, an enemy, into Paul, an advocate. He turned a threat of death into a promise of new life, a bully who demanded “Why?” into a leader who asked, Why not?”

In Peter, the broken and damaged disciple --“Lyin’ Peter”-- who betrayed Jesus became a healed and strengthened leader, no longer the impulsive upstart who tended to speak first and think later. Peter has his moment of truth. He is ready for his second chance, for whatever it brings. He is ready to ask, Why not?”


This is a time of second acts and second chances in our nation and in the church.

In this presidential election year we have watched the campaigns and wonder what our next act as a nation is going to look like. I hope the “New York values” of diversity, inclusion, creativity and tenacity and welcome to all will be part of that next act for our Nation and for The Episcopal Church . After the primary on Tuesday, some of the unsuccessful candidates may be wondering what their own second chances are going to be.

Here at General Seminary you are in the process of rebuilding and recreating a seminary that meets the needs of a new time in the church. What I hear from my fellow bishops and from the priests in my diocese is this: We are all working under circumstances for which we were never prepared or trained or formed. The church of five or 10 or 20 years ago is not the church of today or tomorrow or five years from now. We are called to rethink, relearn, re-invent.

We are called by our Presiding Bishop to be part of the Jesus Movement, which is as ancient as the first century and as new as today. We are called to ask, Why not?”

  • Why not a city in which people do not sleep on the streets or beg for change on the corner.
  • Why not a nation in which children do not go to bed hungry.
  • Why not a world in which health care, jobs and education are rights, not privileges.
  • Why not a church focused on reconciliation and evangelism, transforming a nightmare into God’s dream.

My colleague N.T. Wright, the former Bishop of Durham, puts it this way: “The Church must be prepared to be the agent of healing even for those…who are the lepers of modern society. The Church must do for the world what Jesus did for the world: announcing the kingdom, healing the wounds of the world, challenging the power structures that keep anger and pain in circulation.”


Remember those images of the Ascension that I described a few minutes ago — the hands of God receiving Jesus into heaven, the feet of Jesus leaving the earth.

They remind us of the words of Teresa of Avila. Christ has no body but yours, No hands or feet on earth but yours. Yours are the feet with which he walks to do good. Yours are the hands with which he blesses all the world.

Teresa’s statement defines exactly for me what the purpose of theological education and formation for ordained ministry should be here at The General Theological Seminary as we move further into the Twenty-First Century.

I invite you who are preparing for the priesthood and for lay ministry on this Ascension Day to be the hands of God and the feet of Jesus. To give this world the second chance, the do-over it so desperately needs. To exchange the anger and pain that have been revealed out there in this primary season for joy and hope as the currency of the day. To ask “Why not?” and then go out and take Jesus into the world, everywhere, all the time, for everyone.